Large Cardamom

 (Amomum sabulatum Roxb)

Historically, though the first plantation of the crop started some 200 years before, the commercial cultivation of cardamom in Nepal was firstly started in Ilam only in 1953. The establishment of the Cardamom Development Centre (CDC) in 1975 paved the way for the development of this crop. Today, cardamom cultivation is spread over 37 districts, but more than 84 per cent of total national production comes from four districts (Taplejung, Panchthar, Ilam and Sankhuwasabha) of eastern Nepal. It is one of the major sources of cash income for the farmers there. Nepal is by far the worldís largest exporter of large cardamom and, though with the unexpected decline in yield, it has also proudly become the largest producer in recent years.

 

Large Cardamom (Amomum sabulatum Roxb) also known as Nepali Cardamom, Black Cardamom (Alaichi in Nepali) is the dried fruit of a perennial herbaceous plant and its quality characteristics are different from that of small cardamom.  Nepalese midhill climatic condition is very favorable for cultivation of large cardamom thus the country has comparative advantage over other countries to grow cardamom. Nepalese cardamom is also regarded to be of highest quality. Large cardamom has a distinctly more astringent aroma, though not bitter, with coolness similar to mint, though with a different aroma. It is mostly used for culinary uses Cardamom seeds are astringent, tonic, appetizer, and diuretic.

    Nepalese midhill climatic condition is very favorable for cultivation of large cardamom thus the country has comparative  advantage over other countries to grow cardamom. Nepalese cardamom is also regarded to be of highest quality.

    Large cardamom has a distinctly more astringent aroma, though not bitter, with coolness similar to mint, though with a different aroma. It is mostly used for culinary uses

    Cardamom seeds are astringent, tonic, appetizer, and diuretic.

 

The total exporting countries for all types of cardamoms: 74 Nepal is third largest exporting country for cardamoms after Gautemala and India Presently, Nepal is the largest producer of large cardamom with 68 per cent share, followed by India (22%) and Bhutan (9%) .  5100 mt Cardamom exported  in 2012/013 from nepal oversees market.

 

Nepal is third largest exporting country for cardamoms after Gautemala and India.