Valeriana jatamansii

Common Name            :          Velerina jatamansi jones

Botanical Name            :          V. Wallichii D.C

Source                           :          Wild

Method of extraction   :          Velerina  oil is extracted by steam distillation of the rhizomes of Velerina jatamansi. Yield  %  of Velerina oil ranged from 0.09% to 1% on dry  weight basis.


It is a herb about 50cm high with a thick rootstock . Distributed throughout Nepal at 1300-3300m in moist, shady places; most common towards west of  Kali Gandaki river. Premature and overharvesting of its rhizome for domestic and international trade is a cause of conservation concern. Species banned for export in crude form. Traded part: Rhizome with small lateral roots Prioritized by GoN for  Research and economic development


Uses: Rhizome have huge medicinal value-carminative; pimples, rheumatism, cholera, headache. Rhizome yields high valued Valerian oil.


Organoleptic Properties

Appearance     :           Flulid  to slightly viscous liquid

Color   :           Yellowish green to brownish yellow

Aroma             :           Warm woody, balsamic, musky

                        odour and top note in fresh oils.


Physico-chemical Properties

Specific gravity                          :        0.930 to 0.970 at 20º C

Optical rotation                         :        [-] 35o .5 º to (-)10.o   at 20º C

Refractive index                         :        1.470  to 1.485 at 20º C

Acid number                              :        0. 5 to 6.5

Ester number                             :        Not less then 65

Ester number after acetylation          :           0.5 to 2.5

Solubility                                    :        Soluble in alcohol and oils, insoluble in water.



Roots an rhizomes of Velerina jatamnasii have been used  for variety of complaints as nervovus tension, restlessness  rheumatism and as pain reliver. Aroma- therapeutic and industrial uses.