Common Name : Velerina jatamansi jones
Botanical Name : V. Wallichii D.C
Source : Wild
Method of extraction : Velerina oil is extracted by steam distillation of the rhizomes of Velerina jatamansi. Yield % of Velerina oil ranged from 0.09% to 1% on dry weight basis.
It is a herb about 50cm high with a thick rootstock . Distributed throughout Nepal at 1300-3300m in moist, shady places; most common towards west of Kali Gandaki river. Premature and overharvesting of its rhizome for domestic and international trade is a cause of conservation concern. Species banned for export in crude form. Traded part: Rhizome with small lateral roots Prioritized by GoN for Research and economic development
Uses: Rhizome have huge medicinal value-carminative; pimples, rheumatism, cholera, headache. Rhizome yields high valued Valerian oil.
Appearance : Flulid to slightly viscous liquid
Color : Yellowish green to brownish yellow
Aroma : Warm woody, balsamic, musky
odour and top note in fresh oils.
Specific gravity : 0.930 to 0.970 at 20º C
Optical rotation : [-] 35o .5 º to (-)10.o at 20º C
Refractive index : 1.470 to 1.485 at 20º C
Acid number : 0. 5 to 6.5
Ester number : Not less then 65
Ester number after acetylation : 0.5 to 2.5
Solubility : Soluble in alcohol and oils, insoluble in water.
Roots an rhizomes of Velerina jatamnasii have been used for variety of complaints as nervovus tension, restlessness rheumatism and as pain reliver. Aroma- therapeutic and industrial uses.