Citronella Oil

Cymbopogon winterianus Jowitt.

Common Name             : Citronella (Java Type)

Botanical Name            : Cymbopogon winterianus Jowitt.

Source                           : Cultivated

Method of extraction  : Citronella oil is obtained by steam  distillation of partially wilted leaves of  Cymbopogon winterianus Jowitt.

Organoleptic Properties

Appearance     : Fluid liquid

Color                : Light yellow

Aroma              : Fresh & Sweet

Physico-chemical Properties

Specific gravity                           : 0.8820 to 0.8875 at 23º C

Optical rotation                         : [-] 2º to [-] 4º at 23º C

Refractive index                         : 1.4750 to 1.4885 at 23º C

Acid number                               : 0.5 to 3.5

Ester number                              : 20 to 40

Ester number after acetylation        : 250 to 280

Solubility                                    : Soluble in 0.8 to 1.5 vol. of 80% alcohol

Total alcohol                              : 80 to 90% (calculated as Geraniol)

Aldehyde content                      : 21.5 to 35% (Hydroxylamine hydrochloride method)

Uses

a)   In perfumery for the scenting of soaps and in the production of technical preparations

b)   Medicinal & Aromatherapy use: Anti-infectious, antiseptic, antibacterial, antidepressant, antispasmodic, anti-inflammatory, deodorant, diaphoretic fungicidal, insect repellent (mosquito), stomachic, excessive perspiration, oily skin and hair, room deodorizer, rheumatism and arthritic pain