Cymbopogon winterianus Jowitt.
Common Name : Citronella (Java Type)
Botanical Name : Cymbopogon winterianus Jowitt.
Source : Cultivated
Method of extraction : Citronella oil is obtained by steam distillation of partially wilted leaves of Cymbopogon winterianus Jowitt.
Appearance : Fluid liquid
Color : Light yellow
Aroma : Fresh & Sweet
Specific gravity : 0.8820 to 0.8875 at 23º C
Optical rotation : [-] 2º to [-] 4º at 23º C
Refractive index : 1.4750 to 1.4885 at 23º C
Acid number : 0.5 to 3.5
Ester number : 20 to 40
Ester number after acetylation : 250 to 280
Solubility : Soluble in 0.8 to 1.5 vol. of 80% alcohol
Total alcohol : 80 to 90% (calculated as Geraniol)
Aldehyde content : 21.5 to 35% (Hydroxylamine hydrochloride method)
a) In perfumery for the scenting of soaps and in the production of technical preparations
b) Medicinal & Aromatherapy use: Anti-infectious, antiseptic, antibacterial, antidepressant, antispasmodic, anti-inflammatory, deodorant, diaphoretic fungicidal, insect repellent (mosquito), stomachic, excessive perspiration, oily skin and hair, room deodorizer, rheumatism and arthritic pain